Understanding the reasons behind different interest rates offered by banks

When it comes to choosing a bank for opening a savings account, interest rates offered may play a crucial role in your decision-making process. Banks offer different interest rates on other savings accounts, and understanding the reasons behind these variations can help you make informed financial decisions.

different interest rates

Here are some of the reasons behind the different interest rates offered by banks:

1. Economic conditions

One of the primary factors influencing the interest rates banks offer is the state of the economy. In times of economic growth, banks tend to increase their interest rates on savings accounts. They can do so because the demand for credit is high during an economic boom, and banks can charge higher interest on the loans they offer. This, in turn, allows them to also provide higher interest rates on the deposits in the savings accounts to their customers. Conversely, banks tend to lower their interest rates during economic downturns.

2. RBI’s monetary policy

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) is responsible for setting the monetary policy in India. The repo rate is one of the primary tools that the RBI uses to manage the economy. The repo rate is at which commercial banks borrow money from the RBI. If the RBI increases the repo rate, it becomes more expensive for banks to borrow money from the central bank, so they increase rates on loans. As a result, banks may also increase the interest rate offered on savings accounts to attract more deposits.

3. Market forces

Interest rates are primarily determined by supply and demand in the financial markets. When demand for credit is high, such as during an economic boom, interest rates tend to be high, as banks can charge more for their services. Conversely, when demand for credit is low, such as during a recession, interest rates tend to be quiet, as banks must compete for borrowers’ business.

4. Inflation

Inflation is the rate at which the standard level of prices for goods and services increases. When inflation is high, the purchasing power of money decreases. Banks may increase their interest rates to keep pace with inflation and maintain the value of the funds deposited in savings accounts and fixed deposits.

5. Margins and profitability

Banks are also profit-driven organizations that must generate sufficient margins to cover operating costs and earn a profit. Banks normally charge a higher interest rate on loans than the interest rate they offer on savings accounts and fixed deposits. This difference in interest rates allows banks to earn a margin on the money they lend.


Understanding the reasons behind different interest rates offered by banks in India is essential for individuals and businesses to make informed financial decisions. By considering these factors and using a savings account calculator, you can select the right account that best meets your needs and helps meet your financial goals.