One of the worst situations that can bring you to tears is losing your precious data. Data loss is the worst nightmare of professionals as well as home users as it suddenly brings our life to a halt. These days a plethora of data storage devices are available but still, the frequency of data loss incidents are on the rise. Our data is stored on numerous devices such as computer hard disk or any removable storage media.
Sometimes, either due to our own mistake or because of some mechanical fault, all our valuable files and sensitive data vanishes within a blink of an eye. If you don’t have a backup, this can be an extremely serious situation because often there’s no way to bring back your lost data. In such an aggravating situation, the only option you have is seeking the services of a data recovery engineer to recover your lost data.
There are various factors that lead to inaccessibility of your essential data. However, with the proper precautions, it can be avoided or prevented. So, to avoid such problematic situations, it makes sense to know all the possible reasons that cause data loss. Here are the leading causes of data loss and what you can do to protect your data.
1. Human Error
Many times, users unintentionally delete files and important folders which may result in permanent loss of data. It is easy to restores files from the recycle bin but if in the worst case you deleted the file by pressing a Shift+Del than it’s impossible to get it back. To avoid such a frustrating situation, it’s best to properly save your work and maintain backups regularly. In addition to this, improper handling of storage device damages the system and results in data loss. Furthermore, nowadays most people use laptops that can easily get damaged due to spilling drinks or dropping down. Physical damages may cause a short circuit of important electronic components and damage your data permanently.
2. Viruses and Malware
These days, businesses, as well as individuals, are at a higher risk of virus attacks. Hackers and cyber criminals attack computers every day that affect operational software and damages stored data. Most of the viruses come from any third-party application links or from any external devices like an external hard disk, or memory card. Mostly hackers targeted to steal and damage business data so make sure your data is protected by using an updated version of commercial anti-virus software. Moreover, always maintain regular backups of your data on multiple locations.
3. Hard Drive Failure
The biggest cause of data loss is hardware or system malfunctions. A hard drive that stores your data is the most fragile part of computers. Hard drives have a specific lifespan but often they get damaged earlier due to mechanical issues, human mishandling, overheating, sudden power failure, or liquid damage. If your hard drive fails catastrophically, you’ll need the help of an IT professional to get back your lost data. However, it’s best to provide proper working conditions to your hard drive and keep a backup on Cloud.
4. Power Failures
Power failure can negatively impact your data in many ways. Sudden power failure or voltage fluctuations may damage your computer system and ultimately your data. A sudden power surge is harmful to your hard drive which stores your data. Also, if you don’t have a power backup, a sudden power failure means all your work that is not saved is gone forever. And, if you shut down your computer suddenly without following the proper procedures, it may also cause problems with rebooting operation system later and as a result, you might lose your data. So, to avoid these issues, make sure you have a power supply unit and voltage neutralizer.