To breed a cannabis strain at your home, you need to know the art of stabilizing hybrid pot seeds. However, this can be a little difficult. Not every seed can produce a new genetic diversification. You may develop unwanted phenotypes in your plants. Great-looking phenotype seeds may result in plants with undesirable traits when grown.
The number of seeds bred from a strain may also affect stabilization. If there’s been a lot of cross-breeding, the plants may pick earlier strains’ character traits. That’s why it’s essential to stabilize seeds to make them homogenous. Given enough time, strains eventually become homogenous. This article explains how you can stabilize your seeds and make them have desirable traits.
Breed Your Strains At Home
After acquiring hybrid seeds from Homegrown Cannabis Co, you can grow and stabilize them indoors. This may be a little bit difficult because of the several factors you need to consider. If you plant fewer crops, you’ll limit seed production. Limited seeds may not represent or possess a new genetic variation. That’s why some breeders end up developing unwanted phenotypes instead of those they intended to have.
Therefore, to come up with stabilized plants, you need to find more about their traits. You also need to consider the number of plants you breed from particular strains. If you generate seeds from some strains, the number of plants you get may affect stabilization.
To prevent throwbacks from happening, you need to know strains that you’ve cross-bred. This may be possible if you’ve kept a notebook with information concerning all the strains you’ve grown and cross-bred previously. If you plant strains developed from stabilized seeds, the stabilization process will be simpler and more manageable.
Understand Variability And Predictability
These two terms refer to the variations prevalent among phenotypes. They show you the expected distribution of various phenotype ratios. If you breed parent plants with stable genetics, you’ll develop a predictable outcome. You should also distribute the offspring evenly over the seeds within the cluster.
Breeding cannabis parents create 25% father-dominant and 25% mother-dominant plants. The other 50% are hybrid strains sharing traits from the mother and father. This is the composition that youget from one-time breeding. To come up with several stabilized seeds, you need to breed many seeds. A random selection of few seeds may not generate the expected outcome because they may even be of one phenotype. The more seeds you plant, the better phenotypes you’ll get.
Cross New Cannabis Strains
If you didn’t find accurate information on your seeds’ genetic analysis, it would be better to use another method to determine their stability level. Some growers depend on the leaf shape, color, appearance, growth pattern, and potency to develop new strains. To do this, they breed many plants with similar characteristics.
When strains sharing similar characteristics are crossed, the resultant offspring contains stable genes. Breeding four female and male plants can lead to around 1000 different combinations of the targeted hybrid. Though these combinations may be subtle, you’ll distinguish the bad variations from the good ones through experience.
You may take years before getting plants with 100% stable genetics. Crossing plants from different strains may result in fewer variations. However, if you cross sister plants and brother plants from regular parents, you may attain predictable results.
Breeding plants with good traits gradually banish unfavorable characteristics as the dominant desirable features become more prominent. Such plants may create more stable strains. However, if you breed unstable parents together, you may risk producing a heterozygous offspring. With this offspring, you’re likely to develop various plants that contain unpredictable and unfavorable traits.
Some breeders love to backcross the original parent with new strains. This may not result in stable plants compared to selective breeding. However, backcrossing can help to enhance the stabilization process and emphasize the dominant characteristics. As breeding continues, variation in plant genetics appear. Extremely hybridized and inbred crops generally become homogenous. As expected, some unwanted freaks may appear unexpectedly.
Stabilized seeds grow into plants that look like the original grandparents and landrace. However, you may unexpectedly get a few redheads. When this occurs, it may cause an inconvenience. Some stable plants like skunk can create original strains without growers’ input. These are considered extreme variations, and you may also experience such.
Homozygous breeding carried on for successive generations can lead to more stable strains. However, it has its risks. Like animals, if you excessively perform inbreeding, you may trigger genetic depression. This may be detrimental to the health and sustainability of the strains. It may also result in the development of undesirable alleles, which may significantly affect a strain. If parents pass on these unwanted features, the recessive traits will dominate the next generation’s seeds.
To do away with these regressive attributes, you may needto outbreed. Outbreeding is useful if you have many plants from which to develop new offspring. Some countries with strong cannabis-using culture have decriminalized doing this. Therefore, ensure you know the laws of your state regarding breeding. If you’re in a country that allows for inbreeding fewer plants, you’ll not generate enough strains.
The solution to this is to introduce a father plant to the gene pool to strengthen the cannabis strain and improve its genetic diversity. This way, the plants are likely to gain genetic strength. This may also depend on the laws of the country. If your state doesn’t support this, don’t act against the law because you may get into trouble.
Developing stable cannabis strains may be a rewarding and fun experience. Some growers have come up with amazingly stable strains through various forms of breeding. Whether you’re using classic strains or landraces as parents, you can develop strains that haven’t been seen yet. However, you need to know more about the proper home-breeding methods, predictability, variability, and crossing of new strains. Additionally, you also need to understand the dangers of inbreeding depression and know how to develop better strains. All these require patience and careful observation. But once you master the art, you’ll generate more stable hybrid seeds.